EDINGER, LUDWIG (1855–1918), German neuroanatomist and neurologist; considered the founder of modern neuroanatomy. Edinger was born in Worms on the Rhine, Germany, and began his academic studies at Heidelberg University. He completed his medical studies at the University of Strasbourg and became a licensed physician in 1877. In 1879 he began teaching at the University of Giessen and in 1883 he moved to Frankfurt to practice neurology. That same year he started lecturing on the structure of the central nervous system. In 1885 he joined the Senckenberg Research Institute in Frankfurt and conducted further studies in neurology, particularly in brain anatomy. That year marked the appearance of Zehn Vorlesungen ueber den Bau der nervoesen Zentralor gane, later translated into English as Twelve Lectures on the Structure of the Central Nervous System, his most famous text on the structure of the nervous system. By 1907 his division had become one of the most modern neurological departments of the time and he became professor of neurology at Frankfurt University. In his research Edinger described the ventral and dorsal spinocerebellar tract, clarified polioencephalon and neoencephalitis, as well as the paleo-cerebellum and the neo-cerebellum. His studies and research appeared in many publications, and his name became associated with several parts of the human brain that he elucidated, including "Edinger's nucleus," "the Edinger fibers," and "Edinger's tract." Edinger was also a gifted artist and achieved considerable notoriety in the field of hypnosis. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: S.R. Kagan, Jewish Medicine (1952), 381f.; Biographisches Lexikon der hervorragenden Aerzte (1932), 349–50. (Suessmann Muntner / Ruth Rossing (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Ludwig Edinger — Ludwig Edinger. Ludwig Edinger (* 13. April 1855 in Worms; † 26. Januar 1918 in Frankfurt am Main) war als Nervenarzt und Hirnforscher 1912 einer der Mitunterzeichner des Stiftungsvertrags zur Gründung der Universität Frankfurt am Main (eröffnet… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Edinger — Edinger,   Ludwig, Neurologe, * Worms 13. 4. 1855, ✝ Frankfurt am Main 26. 1. 1918; ab 1904 Leiter des heute nach ihm benannten neurologischen Instituts der Senckenberg Gesellschaft, ab 1914 Professor in Frankfurt am Main; ausgedehnte Arbeiten… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Ludwig Edinger — (13 April 1855 ndash; 26 January 1918) was an influential German anatomist and neurologist and co founder of the University of Frankfurt. In 1914 he was also appointed the first German professor of neurology.Edinger grew up in Worms, where his… …   Wikipedia

  • Edinger — ist der Name folgender Personen: Christiane Edinger (* 1945), deutsche Violinistin Ludwig Edinger (1855–1918), deutscher Nervenarzt und Hirnforscher (Edinger Westphal Kern) Rudolf Edinger (1902–1997), österreichischer Gewichtheber Weltmeister… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Edinger — Ludwig, German anatomist, 1855–1918. See E. Westphal nucleus …   Medical dictionary

  • Ludwig Edinger — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Edinger. Portrait de Ludwig Edinger (1855 1918) exécuté par Lovis Corinth. Ludwig Edinger, né le 13 avril  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Edinger-Westphal nucleus — Brain: Edinger Westphal nucleus Section through superior colliculus (unlabeled) showing path of oculomotor nerve. ( Edinger Westphal nucleus is not on diagram, but would be near oculomotor nuclei.) …   Wikipedia

  • Edinger-Westphal-Kern — Der Edinger Westphal Kern (Nucleus accessorius nervi oculomotorii) ist das Ursprungskerngebiet der parasympathischen Nervenfasern des dritten Hirnnervs (Nervus oculomotorius) und liegt im Mittelhirn. Er wurde nach den Entdeckern Ludwig Edinger… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Edinger-Westphal nucleus — Ed·ing·er West·phal nucleus .ed iŋ ər .west .fäl , .fȯl n the lateral portion of the group of nerve cells lying ventral to the aqueduct of Sylvius which give rise to the autonomic fibers of the oculomotor nerve supplying the ciliary muscle and… …   Medical dictionary

  • Edinger — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Personnalité Guillaume Edinger (1850 1926), éditeur, journaliste et écrivain français. Ludwig Edinger (1855 1918), médecin allemand et pionnier de la… …   Wikipédia en Français

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